Hormonal Imbalance Treatment in Long Island

Produced in the endocrine glands, hormones are your body’s chemical messengers. These powerful chemicals travel through your bloodstream and tell tissues and organs what to do and how to react. They help control many of the body’s major processes, namely your metabolism and reproduction.

A hormonal imbalance happens when you have too much or too little of a specific hormone. While hormone levels fluctuate throughout your lifetime and may just be the result of natural aging, other changes occur when your endocrine glands get the ratios wrong. Hormone balance is extremely important if you seek a healthy mind and body – especially for women who are trying to conceive.

Hormone Imbalance Symptoms

Depending on the type of hormone imbalance you may have, symptoms can vary. Some of the most common symptoms of hormone imbalance in women are irregular menstrual cycles, vaginal dryness, mood swings, trouble sleeping, decreased libido, weight gain, and headaches. Other side effects range in severity from stomach issues and chronic acne to breast changes and memory loss.

Causes of Hormonal Imbalance

There are many causes that can result in a hormonal imbalance. Different glands and hormones can impact your body differently, but other conditions and diseases can also result in an imbalance.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, more commonly known as PCOS, is a type of hormonal imbalance that can cause irregular ovulation, elevated testosterone levels that can result in extra hair growth, acne, and/or ovaries with multiple small cysts. PCOS can be diagnosed by a fertility specialist through symptoms, blood tests, and an ultrasound. Women with hormonal imbalances caused by PCOS are at risk for high cholesterol, insulin resistance, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Weight reduction techniques and medications can help alleviate these symptoms.

Hyperthyroidism or Hypothyroidism

Varying thyroid levels can cause irregular ovulation and result in an irregular menstrual cycle. A simple blood test can be performed to diagnose thyroid-related hormone imbalances. Treatments such as multivitamins and reducing stress typically result in the return of normal ovulation. Even though it may be harder for a woman to achieve a successful pregnancy, if the diagnosis of a thyroid disorder is missed, it can negatively impact a woman’s developing baby. Treating thyroid-related imbalances as soon as possible is important to ensure a healthy pregnancy.  

Prolactin Levels

Prolactin disorders are another form of a hormonal imbalance that prevents ovulation from occurring. While prolactin disorders are diagnosed by a simple blood test, an imaging study of the brain is required to rule out the presence of a growth, which could create high levels of prolactin. Medication is given to lower prolactin levels and commonly results in the return of ovulation.

Hypothalamic Disease  

Hypothalamic disorders are caused by an incorrect signal from both the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus produces hormones that control body temperature, hunger, mood, sex drive, sleep, and thirst. Normal brain signals can be altered for a number of reasons, but most of these result in excessive exercising that can be linked to female athlete triad syndrome. Female athlete triad is a syndrome in which menstrual disturbances, eating disorders, and decreased bone mineral density – resulting in osteoporosis – affects girls who participate in sports. Treatment depends on the cause of hypothalamic dysfunction. A discussion and evaluation with your doctor can help clarify what is creating the imbalance, and what can be done to bring about ovulation and fertility once again. 

Hormonal Imbalance Test in New York

Hormones fluctuate naturally at different milestones of life such as puberty, menopause, and perimenopause. Hormone imbalances may also be caused by toxins or an unhealthy lifestyle. Understanding the causes of a hormone imbalance empowers us to prevent them, and at the same time, feel and think better. At NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York, we are committed to helping our patients overcome their hormone imbalance issues and beat infertility. To learn more about our practice, please contact us today to be seen at one of our convenient New York locations.