Fertility Treatment Options for LGBTQ Families

LGBTQ families have several options when it comes to adding a family member with the help of NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York. Below, we have broken down family building options for lesbian couples (or couples who both have a uterus) and gay male couples (couples with no uterus) who wish to have children. Ultimately, the decision for how each couple builds their family is entirely left up to the couple and their doctor. Explore the options below and discuss what’s best for your family with a fertility specialist.

Options for Lesbian Couples

Lesbian couples, as well as couples where both partners have a uterus, have several options for fertility treatment at NYU Langone RSofNY. Explore some of the most popular options for building a family below.


Intrauterine insemination iui, or artificial insemination, is the process of picking donor sperm from a male – either a known person or an anonymous donor from a sperm bank – and inseminating one partner. This is a relatively simple and cost-effective procedure as long as the partner being inseminated has a healthy uterus and eggs. The partner carrying the baby will have a genetic and gestational link to the child.


Partner IVF

Partner IVF is another, more popular option. With partner IVF, one partner will carry a genetic link to the child and the other partner will carry a gestational link to the child. This process involves one partner going through the IVF process so that the reproductive specialist can collect healthy eggs that will be fertilized by donor sperm. The embryo will then be implanted in the non-egg donor partner’s uterus for gestation. This is a popular option because it provides both partners with a “link” to the child if that is important to the couple. Find the option that works best for you. For lesbian couples seeking to have a child, there are several combinations of the above options that may be optimal for you and your partner. Options for Partner IVF include:

  • Partner egg and other partner carrying the pregnancy with donated sperm, also known as Reciprocal IVF or ROPA (Reception of Oocytes from Partner)
  • Partner egg and donated sperm into surrogate.
  • Donated egg and sperm into one or both partner(s).
  • Donated embryo (fertilized eggs) into one or both partner(s).
  • Donated egg and sperm into a surrogate.ia IVF.
  • IVF with eggs from both partners and donor sperm can be implanted into one partner or both partners.

With so many options, most lesbian couples are able to find the method that works best for them and their families. At NYU Langone RSofNY, we will be here to guide you throughout the journey.

Options for Gay Male Couples

Gay male couples, or couples who have no uterus, also have extensive options as they consider building a family. Below, we will go over the most popular options for these couples.

Surrogacy & IVF

Surrogacy is the process of having someone carry a baby to term for your family. A surrogate (someone with a uterus) is going to be necessary for gay male couples who do not have uteruses to have a child. There are some different ways to go about using a surrogate.

  • Artificial Insemination into a woman (using her eggs and uterus). This is traditional surrogacy.
  • IVF using donated eggs and one of the partner’s sperm into a surrogate (commonly another woman’s uterus).
  • IVF using donated eggs and donated sperm into a surrogate.

Learn more about fertility treatment for LGBT couples

NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York are proud to serve same sex couples as well as the gender queer and trans communities with our leading fertility centers and services. We work with each individual and couple to find the right solution to make building their family a reality. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about the options available to your family in New York.