Preimplantation Genetic Testing in Long Island
Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT) is a catch-all phrase for describing the genetic analysis of an embryo. This test is a precautionary measure that precedes the implantation of a fertilized egg or before transferring back into the uterus during an IVF procedure. The results can be back within a 24-hour period, which allows our physicians, patient, and embryologist to select which embryos to transfer back to the uterus.
Why Receive Preimplantation Genetic Testing?
PGT is essentially a genetic profile of an embryo after fertilization. A PGT can inform a family’s risk of passing on traits of an inherited disease to their child. This in turn reduces the risk that their offspring will suffer from a specific genetic disorder. NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York provide families this opportunity to plan for the future and assure the healthy growth of their child through birth.
Types of Preimplantation Genetic Testing
There are two distinct types of genetic analyses that can be performed on preimplantation embryos. In both methods, a sample of the embryo is obtained and sent to a genetic testing lab for highly specialized readings. Some rare cases may present both a chromosomal anomaly and a specific genetic disease risk that could seriously affect the condition of the baby as well. With this possibility present, it’s usually possible to test for both complications at the same time.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis tests for a specific disease. Blood work from both the male and female partner – and possibly any offspring – is sent for advanced testing. This examination usually uncovers the possibilities of a genetic mutation within a family’s history or unforeseen development. Common diseases include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, and Mediterranean anemia.
Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS)
Preimplantation Genetic Screening tests specifically for chromosomal anomalies in a respective embryo. Human cells normally contain 46 chromosomes, half of which are from the egg and the other half from the sperm. If there’s any additional copy – or lack thereof – the development of the embryo will be significantly affected.
Preimplantation Genetic Testing Study
NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York is conducting a research study with New York’s very own Stony Brook University and The New School to get a deeper insight to preimplantation genetic testing. This is a voluntary study for women and men who have considered, declined or followed through with PGT within the past 6 months. The research analyzes the psychology of the decision-making process. We’ll investigate the considerations, concerns, and underlying factors that influence the use of PGT testing. The study can be performed anonymously online or through an in-person interview. To learn more about the study, please contact the team with any questions and concerns.
Genetic Testing in New York
Genetic tests with our fertility program will help families in New York ensure their child’s health with accurate embryonic diagnoses preceding an IVF treatment. If you have any questions or concerns regarding a PGT, please contact us to schedule an appointment and learn more about how our treatments can achieve your fertility goals today.