reproductive doctor teaching a couple about the female reproductive system

4 Common Hormone Imbalances That Can Cause Reproductive Disorders

Your reproductive health is extremely important, which is why it’s crucial to be aware of common reproductive issues that may arise and impact your ability to conceive. At NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York, we strive to keep our patients fully informed about their reproductive health, and we offer a variety of treatment options to combat reproductive issues. Hormones produced by the endocrine glands affect tissue and organ behavior and control several major processes within the body, so any changes or imbalances in hormone levels can greatly impact your reproductive health. While hormonal imbalances may occur at various points in a person’s life due to both internal and external factors (such as puberty, stress, and aging), changes in hormone levels can greatly impact metabolism and reproduction. Symptoms of hormonal imbalances in women include changes in menstrual cycles, mood swings, sleep loss, and weight gain, and in more severe cases, chronic acne, digestive issues, and memory loss may occur. As women prepare to conceive, endocrine health becomes more important. Below, we have put together a list of the four most common reproductive diseases, so read on to learn more about reproductive health.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, or PCOS, is among the most common female reproductive hormonal imbalances, which may entail irregular ovulation and elevated testosterone levels in women. The most tell-tale signs of PCOS include acne, excess hair growth and weight gain, and/or small cysts in the ovaries, and this condition can be detected by our specialists through blood tests, visible symptoms, and ultrasound. PCOS causes issues with fertility, in addition to a predisposition to other issues including insulin resistance, diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Through the use of medications and weight management techniques, our team of certified doctors at NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York can efficiently help you manage your PCOS symptoms.

Irregular Thyroid Disorders

The thyroid is a small endocrine gland located within the neck that releases a variety of hormones essential to controlling the body’s temperature, metabolism, and heart rate, and is controlled by the pituitary gland in the brain. Symptoms of an irregular thyroid include irregular menstrual cycles and ovulation in women. While the use of stress management and vitamins often help to resolve these issues, an untreated thyroid condition may be detrimental to a fetus during pregnancy. Often medications are the only needed treatment for thyroid disorders.

Prolactin Imbalance

The hormone prolactin is released by the pituitary gland and is namely responsible for breast development and milk production in women. However, increased prolactin levels may prevent ovulation from occurring. Though a simple blood test can determine potential prolactin imbalances, our doctors will also request an imaging scan of the brain in order to determine if a growth is present, which can increase prolactin levels. There are medications that can help prolactin levels.

Hypothalamic Hormone Imbalance Disorders

As the hypothalamus is responsible for controlling body temperature, mood, libido, sleep, and thirst, hypothalamic hormone imbalances can have an adverse effect on the body. Such disorders are often caused by issues in the signals between the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. One of the most common hypothalamic conditions affecting female athletes is referred to as female athlete triad syndrome, which results in decreased bone mineral density, leading to osteoporosis and irregularities in menstrual cycles. Diagnosing and early intervention can help to minimize the potential consequences of the hypothalamic disorders.

Reproductive Disease Treatment Near You in New York

Awarded the Center of Excellence status by the Reproductive Resource Services (RRS) United Healthcare division, our endocrinology, fertility, and gynecology experts at NYU Langone Reproductive Specialists of New York are dedicated to addressing your needs and concerns about your reproductive health. To learn more about our treatment options for various hormonal imbalance conditions, infertility, endometriosis, recurrent pregnancy loss, or tubal disease, please visit us at one of our locations in Mineola, Stony Brook, West Islip, or Brooklyn. To schedule an appointment or to learn more about how we can help you start your family, contact us today!